Thursday, November 21, 2013

European Medicines Agency Accepts Marketing Authorization Application for The Medicines Company's Fibrocaps

PARSIPPANY, NJ--(Nov 21, 2013) - The Medicines Company (MDCO) today announced that the European Medicines Agency (EMA) has accepted for review a marketing authorization application (MAA) for the investigational hemostatic agent Fibrocaps (human plasma-derived fibrinogen and thrombin). Fibrocaps was studied in the 719-patient Phase III FINISH-3 clinical trial as an adjunct to hemostasis in patients undergoing surgical procedures when control of mild or moderate bleeding by conventional surgical techniques is ineffective or impractical. 
The acceptance of the MAA marks the beginning of the review process in the European Union for Fibrocaps. The Company anticipates submitting a biologics license application (BLA) with the United States Food and Drug Administration in the first quarter of 2014. The Company also plans to submit a 510(k) application with the FDA for the complementary spray delivery device to assist surgeons in the accurate application of the dry powder Fibrocaps. The device was recently granted a European CE mark. 
"We believe Fibrocaps can become an important hemostatic solution within our surgery and perioperative care portfolio upon regulatory approval," said Jan Ohrstrom, MD, Senior Vice President Global Launch Leader, Hemostasis Solutions of The Medicines Company. "We are expanding our activities in surgery in pursuit of our purpose which is to save lives, alleviate suffering, and contribute to the economics of healthcare."
About The Medicines Company
The Medicines Company's purpose is to save lives, alleviate suffering, and contribute to the economics of healthcare by focusing on 3000 leading acute/intensive care hospitals worldwide. Its vision is to be a leading provider of solutions in three areas: acute cardiovascular care, surgery and perioperative care, and serious infectious disease care. The company operates in the Americas, Europe and the Middle East, and Asia Pacific regions with global centers today in Parsippany, NJ, USA and Zurich, Switzerland.
Forward-looking Statements
Statements contained in this press release about The Medicines Company that are not purely historical, and all other statements that are not purely historical, may be deemed to be forward-looking statements for purposes of the safe harbor provisions under The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Without limiting the foregoing, the words "believes," "plans, "anticipates" and "expects" and similar expressions, including the Company's preliminary revenue results, are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties that may cause the Company's actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. Important factors that may cause or contribute to such differences include whether the Company will make regulatory submissions for product candidates on a timely basis, whether its regulatory submissions will receive approvals from regulatory agencies on a timely basis or at all, whether physicians, patients and other key decision makers will accept clinical trial results, and such other factors as are set forth in the risk factors detailed from time to time in the Company's periodic reports and registration statements filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission including, without limitation, the risk factors detailed in the Company's Registration Statement on Form 10-Q filed on November 5, 2013, which are incorporated herein by reference. The Company specifically disclaims any obligation to update these forward-looking statements.

Study: Closure devices cut complications after cardiac procedure (VIDEO)

The use of vascular closure devices significantly reduced complications and the need for transfusions in obese and overweight patients undergoing transfemoral percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), but the benefit over manual closure was not seen in lean and normal-weight patients or in those treated with a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor, researchers reported.
The benefit was also counterbalanced by a small increase in risk of retroperitoneal bleeding, Hitinder S. Gurm, MD, of the University of Michigan Cardiovascular Center in Ann Arbor, and colleagues, wrote online in the Annals of Internal Medicine.
Vascular closure devices (VCDs) are designed to prevent arterial bleeding, especially after PCI performed by the transfemoral route, which is still the most common route in the U.S.
The devices permit closure of the arteriotomy site using sutures, plugs, or metallic clips, but the role of these devices in preventing vascular complications remains controversial, the researchers noted.
"Most randomized trials evaluating VCDs have been small and underpowered, and the largest meta-analysis on the subject raised concerns that these devices may be associated with an increase in vascular complications," they wrote. "These devices are commonly used in clinical practice, and a recent large observational study suggested that they may be associated with a reduction in bleeding complications."
The newly published study is among the first to compare the efficacy of VCDs to manual closure in the real-world PCI practice setting, with the focus on specific subgroups with the highest risk for complications.
Researchers collected data on 92,000 patients who had PCI procedures at 32 Michigan hospitals participating in the Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan Cardiovascular Consortium (BMC2) between 2007 and 2009.
Of the 85,048 PCIs that met study inclusion criteria, 28,528 (37%) used VCDs.
A main study endpoint was vascular complications, including acute thrombosis, loss of limb, retroperitoneal bleeding, need for surgical repair, pseudoaneurysm, or hematoma requiring transfusion or arteriovenous fistula. Other endpoints included transfusion or in-hospital death.
Using propensity score-matched analysis, the use of VCDs was found to be associated with reductions in vascular complications (OR 0.78, 95% CI 0.67-0.90, P=0.001) and post-procedure transfusions (OR 0.85 CI 0.74-0.96, P=0.011).
"These findings were consistent across many prespecified subgroups except for patients with a BMI less than 25 kg/m2 and those treated with platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors, in whom the benefit of VCDs over manual closure was attenuated," the researchers wrote.
When specific subtypes of vascular complications were evaluated, VCDs were associated with fewer hematomas (OR 0.69 CI 0.58-0.83, P<0 .001="" 0.38-0.76="" 0.54="" 1.12-2.20="" 1.57="" also="" an="" associated="" bleeding="" but="" ci="" in="" increase="" odds="" of="" or="" p="0.009).</span" pseudoaneurysms="" retroperitoneal="" the="" they="" were="" with="">
"Our sudy supports the conclusion that VCDs are associated with reduced vascular complications and transfusions," Gurm and colleagues wrote, adding that the benefit of these devices was evident only in obese and overweight patients in whom manual control of access site is usually difficult.
The study also confirmed that VCD use is particularly beneficial in patients treated with bivalirudin and that its use was associated with a significantly increased risk for retroperitoneal bleeding, which negated any benefit in patients who received GP IIb/IIIa.
"Our data suggest that physicians contemplating VCD use should carefully weigh this increased risk for retroperitoneal bleeding against the expected reduction in pseudoaneurysms and hematomas," the researchers wrote. "The decision to use these devices needs to be individualized for each patient."

Tuesday, November 19, 2013

Cohera Medical, Inc.® Completes Fourth and Final Module in the Premarket Approval (PMA) Application for TissuGlu® Surgical Adhesive

PITTSBURGH, Nov. 19, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- Cohera Medical, Inc.®, a leading innovator and developer of absorbable surgical adhesives and sealants, announced today it has submitted its fourth and final module for TissuGlu® Surgical Adhesive in the Premarket Approval (PMA) application to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
"We are pleased to have submitted the final module of the PMA application for TissuGlu," said Chad Coberly, JD Vice President of Clinical, Regulatory and Legal affairs of Cohera Medical. "This module culminates substantial work by the Cohera team and our investigational partners."
A modular PMA submission is one in which the contents of a PMA are broken into several clearly defined parts or modules. These modules are submitted separately over time and comprise a complete PMA when all of them have been submitted. FDA reviews each module separately which may allow for a more efficient review when the last components are submitted because much of the review work will have already been completed. Cohera Medical has already successfully submitted the first three modules of the PMA application: biocompatibility, design control and manufacturing.
The fourth and final module submitted is comprised of data from Cohera Medical's 'No Drain' study, confirming that TissuGlu is a clinically superior alternative to closed-suction drains for fluid management in large flap procedures such as abdominoplasty. In the pivotal clinical trial, when TissuGlu was used, patients required fewer post-operative treatments and resumed normal activities, such as going to work, showering and using the stairs, more quickly.
"Submitting the final module to FDA is a critical milestone in making TissuGlu Surgical Adhesive available to surgeons and patients in the U.S.," said Patrick Daly, President and Chief Executive Officer of Cohera Medical. "The successful completion of this module represents a huge effort on the part of the entire company and we look forward to continuing our work with FDA."
Currently, most patients who undergo abdominoplasty procedures or other large flap procedures, such as mastectomy or inguinal lymph node dissection, require the insertion of drains to remove fluid that accumulates under the skin at the surgical site. Drains are often uncomfortable for the patient and can lead to additional complications. TissuGlu forms a strong bond between tissue layers, helping to reduce the fluid that can accumulate during healing.

Read more here:

Clinical Papers - Fibrin Sealants, BioGlue, Perclot, HaemoCer, Thrombin

Clinical Papers - Bonewax, Oxidized Cellulose, Surgicel,

Clinical Papers Hemostats Reviewed - Oxi Cell, Gelatin, Collagen, Thrombin, Polysaccharide Powders

A lot of our earlier embedded  document links have gone since our previous embedding agency sold (these things happen in 5 years of blogging). Now Google have this facility I am happy to provide you clinical data for your interest in the links below. 

Friday, November 15, 2013

Baxter completes patient enrollment in phase III trial of BAX 855, extended half-life rFVIII to treat haemophilia A

Baxter International Inc. has completed enrollment in its phase III clinical trial of BAX 855, an investigational extended half-life, recombinant factor VIII (rFVIII) treatment for haemophilia A. The ongoing trial is aimed at assessing the efficacy of the compound in reducing annualized bleed rates (ABR) in both prophylaxis and on-demand treatment schedules, and will also evaluate its safety and pharmacokinetic profile.

BAX 855 was designed based on the full-length ADVATE [Antihemophilic Factor (Recombinant) Plasma/Albumin-Free Method] molecule, a product with 10 years of real-world experience. The BAX 855 molecule was modified with PEGylation technology designed to extend its duration of activity in the body.

"The BAX 855 development programme is a priority for Baxter as we evaluate the potential to provide an efficacious and safe treatment with an extended half-life for patients with hemophilia," said Anders Ullman, MD, Ph.D., vice president of global research and development in Baxter's BioScience business. "We are focused first and foremost on strategies to address optimal efficacy and minimize patients' bleeding episodes, while at the same time delivering on the convenience of less frequent dosing for this population with severe disease."

The phase II/III multi-centre, open-label study called PROLONG-ATE is evaluating BAX 855 among 146 adult patients with previously-treated severe haemophilia A. Patients participating in PROLONG-ATE receive treatment twice weekly (45 IU/kg) and are followed for six months. The primary endpoint of the study is the annualized bleed rate (ABR) during the treatment period. The study is also evaluating the safety and immunogenicity of the compound when administered on either prophylaxis and on-demand treatment regimens. Other outcome measures include number of infusions needed to treat bleeding episodes, time intervals between these episodes, pharmacokinetics and patient reported outcomes. To date, no inhibitors or safety issues have been reported in the study.

Based upon the results of the study, the company expects to complete the trial and file for regulatory approval late in 2014. Baxter is also initiating a continuation study for all patients who complete the pivotal phase II/III study, and expects to initiate a study of BAX 855 among pediatric patients in 2014.

The treatment protocol is based on the results of a phase I trial of BAX 855, assessing its safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics. That trial found that the half-life (measuring the duration of activity of the drug in the body) of the investigational compound was approximately 1.5-fold higher compared to ADVATE. An extended half-life was achieved in all patients in the study using BAX 855, no patients developed inhibitors to either the base molecule, BAX 855 or to PEG, and no patients had allergic reactions. No treatment-related or serious adverse events were reported, and no patients withdrew from the study due to adverse events.

BAX 855 is built from the same native FVIII protein used in the production of ADVATE, and employs proprietary PEGylation technology from Nektar Therapeutics designed to extend the duration of activity of proteins. PEGylation technology has been widely used in various approved treatments.

ADVATE [Antihemophilic Factor (Recombinant) Plasma/Albumin-Free Method] is indicated for the control and prevention of bleeding episodes in adults and children (0-16 years) with haemophilia A. ADVATE is also indicated for routine prophylaxis to prevent or reduce the frequency of bleeding episodes in adults and children (0-16 years) with haemophilia A. ADVATE is not indicated for the treatment of von Willebrand disease.

ADVATE has a demonstrated efficacy profile and a low rate of inhibitor development. ADVATE is a full-length (derived from the complete FVIII gene) recombinant FVIII product that is processed without any blood-based additives. Because no blood-derived components are added at any stage of the manufacturing process, the potential risk of transmitting pathogens that may be carried in blood-based additives is eliminated. There have been no confirmed reports of transmission of HIV, HBV or HCV with rFVIII treatments.

ADVATE is approved in 60 countries worldwide including the United States, Canada, 27 countries in the European Union, Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Chile, China, Colombia, Croatia, Ecuador, Hong Kong, Iceland, Iraq, Japan, Kuwait, Macau, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Norway, Panama, Puerto Rico, Serbia, Singapore, South Korea, Suriname, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine, Uruguay, and Venezuela.

Tuesday, November 12, 2013

Racial Difference in Blood Clotting Warrants a Closer Look at Heart Attack Medications

(PHILADELPHIA) Thomas Jefferson University researchers have discovered that the formation of blood clots follows a different molecular route in African Americans versus European Americans, providing a new understanding of the effects of race on heart disease. The finding could one day help doctors provide more individualized treatment of heart disease and other blood-clot-related illnesses, according to research publishing online November 10th in Nature Medicine.
The finding may also provide an additional explanation for the disparity between outcomes in black and white patients with heart disease, which is the most common killer of white and black Americans. Compared to white patients, blacks have a two-fold increased incidence of heart disease and have a lower long-term survival. The reasons for this racial disparity are complex, and include racial bias, a higher prevalence of traditional risk factors such in blacks, and differences in socioeconomic status, management and environment. However, even when these factors are considered, the survival of black heart attack patients is 2 and a half times lower than white patients. This suggests there are yet-to-be identified factors accounting for the racial disparity in heart disease.
“We may need to consider our patient’s race when using certain heart disease therapies,” said lead author of the research Paul Bray, M.D., Director of Thomas Jefferson University’s Cardeza Foundation for Hematologic Research.
Anti-platelet medications, such as aspirin, are commonly prescribed to prevent heart attack or stroke. These medications function by blocking the clot-forming activity of platelets – small cells that normally circulate in the blood stream and congeal around damaged or atherosclerotic blood vessels. The plaques in atherosclerotic vessels can occasionally rupture, causing the formation of a platelet plug that clogs blood vessels and can lead to heart attack or stroke. However, there is considerable variability in how patients respond to these medications, which confounds physicians who must deduce the appropriate drug and proper dose for each patient. Now, researchers from Thomas Jefferson University have identified some of the genetic differences behind these variations, which could help doctors treat racial groups with a more personalized and effective approach.
“Differences in platelet biology could be part of the explanation of the disparity,” says Dr. Bray.
To investigate whether the variation among different individuals had a racial component, Dr. Bray and collaborators from Baylor Medical College, Harvard Medical School and the New York and Puget Sound Blood Centers analyzed platelets from blood samples of 154 young healthy subjects that included 70 blacks and 84 whites. Self-reported race was confirmed with genetic tests that verified geographic (African or European) ancestry. Unexpectedly, the researchers found that platelets from black donors clotted faster and to a greater extent in response to the naturally occurring clotting agent, thrombin that specifically triggered one of the platelet-activating receptors, called PAR4. No racial differences were seen with other clotting agents.
Thrombin is the most potent platelet activator in the body, and it is targeted for suppression by numerous blood-thinning medications. However, newer drugs that target thrombin inhibit specific members of the PAR family of receptors. For example, the drug vorapaxar, currently in development for patients with a history of heart disease, specifically inhibits the PAR1 receptor. If PAR1 is blocked by vorapaxar, then PAR4 is the only means by which thrombin can activate platelets, and the Jefferson scientists showed that in this setting thrombin more potently activated platelets from blacks. It remains to be determined how or if these findings relate to drugs that are currently prescribed or to those currently in development.
Further molecular studies identified a novel gene called PCTP that mediated platelet activation through PAR4. PCTP was expressed at higher levels in platelets from blacks and appears to be a major contributor to the racial difference in blood clotting. Furthermore, a microRNA was identified that silenced the expression of PCTP; this microRNA was expressed at higher levels in platelets from whites than blacks and may contribute to the lower levels of thrombin activation through the PAR4 receptor in whites.
In fact, the researchers found many silencing microRNAs were more actively expressed in whites than in blacks, at least in platelets, suggesting that other aspects of platelet biology may be regulated differently depending on race. Uncovering the genes that these microRNAs suppress could help researchers hone in on individual differences in platelet function, and eventually how these differences contribute to disease and response to anti-clotting treatments.
“In this age where there is such a focus on delivering personalized medicine, we should embrace these differences to try to give our patients better care,” says Dr. Bray.